Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Dasyatinae
Etymology: Dasyatis: Greek, dasys = rough, dense (Ref. 45335). More on author: Garman.
This species is synonym of Dasyatis dipterura Jordan & Gilbert, 1880. See nomenclatural details in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Oct. 2012: Ref. 92135). The species page will be removed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 70 m (Ref. 37955), usually 1 - 17 m (Ref. 9254). Subtropical; 42°N - 19°S, 161°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: Hawaii and from California, USA to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 187 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9254); max. published weight: 46.3 kg (Ref. 40637)
Found in bays, in sea grass beds, kelp beds, and near reefs on sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 12951). Digs in the sand to feed (Ref. 5227). Feeds on small fishes, crabs, clams, and other benthic invertebrates (Ref. 37955). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Venomous spine on tail.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Nishida, K. and K. Nakaya, 1990. Taxonomy of the genus Dasyatis (Elasmobranchia, Dasyatidae) from the North Pacific. In: Pratt Jr., H. L., S. H. Gruber and T. Taniuchi (eds.): Elasmobranchs as living resources: advances in the biology, ecology, systematics, and the status of the fisheries. NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Tech. Rept. NMFS 90:327-346. (Ref. 7445)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.1 - 28.9, mean 24.2 °C (based on 317 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00282 - 0.01623), b=3.07 (2.87 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 21 [2, 124] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.781 [0.149, 2.999] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.8 [19.3, 24.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.232 [0.085, 0.593] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.4 [8.7, 117.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.86 [1.11, 21.79] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.467 [0.123, 1.706] mg/100g (wet weight);