Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Enchelycore: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, kore = pupil (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 60 m (Ref. 30874), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-Pacific: Reunion to the Hawaiian, Line and Society islands, north to southern Japan (Ref. 559) and southern Korea, south to New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 92.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54980)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits coral and rocky reefs. Common in warm-temperate waters (Ref. 9710). Benthic at 1-35 m (Ref. 58302). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.6 - 28.7, mean 27.3 °C (based on 530 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00060 (0.00038 - 0.00096), b=3.30 (3.17 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 31.2 [17.3, 55.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.44 [0.25, 0.75] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.4, 22.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.138 [0.064, 0.371] g/100g ; Selenium = 48.1 [24.9, 88.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 122 [35, 402] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.774 [0.538, 1.092] mg/100g (wet weight);