Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Nettastomatidae
Etymology: Nettastoma: Greek, netta = duck + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); solitarium: From the Latin solitarius meaning solitary, alone, lonely, in reference to the isolated and widely scattered distribution of this species in the Indo-Pacific.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 415 - 610 m (Ref. 40819), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: Kyushu-Palau Ridge, the Philippines, Australia, and the western Indian Ocean (Ref. 559). Reported from the Hawaiian Islands (Ref. 58302).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40819)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Six supraorbital pores, SO5 present. Lateral line pores 42-45. Median vomerine teeth somewhat enlarged. Posterior nostril above anterodorsal corner of eye.
Recorded on video tape outside the coelacanth caves at a depth of 278-340 m (Ref. 58472).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.3 - 11.5, mean 8.5 °C (based on 154 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00089 (0.00036 - 0.00223), b=2.98 (2.76 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .