Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Microchirus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, cheir = hand (Ref. 45335). More on author: Risso.
This species is unidentifiable according to Desoutter et al. (2001: Ref. 41261). Please send references, or more studies are needed. This species is uncertain in Microchirus in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jul. 2010: Ref. 84883).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 40 - 380 m (Ref. 5304). Subtropical; 52°N - 12°N, 18°W - 4°W
Eastern Central Atlantic: Mauritania and Canary Islands (Santa Cruz and Tenerife); extending into the northeast Atlantic from Portugal and southwest of Great Britain.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 23.0, range 19 - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5304)
Occurs on sand or muddy sand bottoms.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Desoutter, M., 1990. Soleidae. p. 1037-1049. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5304)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.1 - 17.5, mean 15.4 °C (based on 35 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00530 - 0.01498), b=3.01 (2.87 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.15-0.29; tm=3-5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .