Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Apristurus: a-, Latin privative, i.e., without; pristis, from pristes (Gr.), sawyer (but here meaning saw); oura (Gr.), tail, referring to absence of saw-toothed crest of enlarged dermal denticles along upper edge of caudal fin as found in the closely related Pristiurus (=Galeus). (See ETYFish); longicephalus: longus (L.), long; cephalus, from kephale (Gr.), head, about ¼ of total length. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 680 - 950 m (Ref. 97621). Deep-water; 39°N - 22°S
Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, Japan, East China Sea, Philippines, and Australia. New specimens were caught off western New Caledonia (Coriolis Bank, Lansdowne Bank, Lord Howe Ridge and Fairway Ridge) and off Mozambique (Ref. 53905).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 51.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Inhabits deep water, probably near the bottom (Ref. 11146). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). First record of a cartilaginous fish manifesting rudimentary hermaphroditism (Ref. 53905). Biology little known (Ref. 6871).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). First record of a cartilaginous fish manifesting hermaphroditism which is further classified as rudimentary hermaphroditism (Ref. 53905).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 5.2 - 7.4, mean 6 °C (based on 99 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00168 - 0.00717), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec assumed to be <10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).