Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Monacanthidae
Etymology: Cantherhines: Greek, kanthos = the outer or inner corner of the eye, where the lids meet, 1646 + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 73 m (Ref. 58302), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3921)
Benthopelagic over coral and rock (Ref. 58302). Feeds mainly on algae and detritus, but also takes tunicates, corals, sponges and other benthic animals (Ref. 3921). Young spotted (Ref. 1623).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1985. Guide to Hawaiian reef fishes. Harrowood Books, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA. 74 p. (Ref. 3921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.5 °C (based on 140 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.01006 - 0.04340), b=2.93 (2.75 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.21 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 37.3 [14.2, 150.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.09 [0.39, 3.18] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.0, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.0817 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.4 [13.3, 108.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 49.7 [14.8, 164.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.92 [0.77, 3.50] mg/100g (wet weight);