Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Crenidens: Latin, crenulatus = cut, clipped + Latin, dens, dentis = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Forsskål.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Subtropical; 30°N - 34°S, 25°E - 86°E
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, East Africa along the east coast of Africa to Aliwal Shoal in South Africa; with juveniles reported to have also been found in Algoa Bay, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3198); common length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)
Caught in shallow coastal waters, mainly in muddy quiet areas. In the northern part of the Indian Ocean, it is caught all year round and consumed fresh. In the southern part of the Indian Ocean, it is fished mainly for bait. Feeds mainly on algae, also invertebrates such as crustaceans and worms.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith, 1986. Sparidae. p. 580-594. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3198)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.5 - 29.1, mean 27.4 °C (based on 685 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01011 - 0.04522), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 92.2 [47.8, 209.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.23 [0.71, 2.25] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [18.1, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.337 [0.213, 0.576] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.8 [12.4, 49.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.6 [2.4, 28.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.838 [0.508, 1.331] mg/100g (wet weight);