Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Myrichthys: Greek, myros, -ou = male of morey eel + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 35 m (Ref. 89972), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 30°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Delagoa Bay, Mozambique and east to the Society Islands, French Polynesia. Often confused with Laticuda colubrina (Ref. 9710).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 97.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)
Vertebrae: 190 - 202. Broadly banded with black and white, sometimes with blotches, but may comprise additional species (Ref. 48635). Superficially resembles the venomous sea snake Laticauda colubrina, but is entirely harmless.
Adults occur in shallow sandy flats and seagrass beds (Ref. 1602, 48635, 58302). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 89972). Commonly seen hunting during the day (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McCosker, J.E. and P.H.J. Castle, 1986. Ophichthidae. p. 176-186. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3972)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 3362 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00054 - 0.00308), b=2.92 (2.72 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 38.5 [22.3, 63.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.478 [0.305, 0.756] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.5, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.115 [0.055, 0.298] g/100g ; Selenium = 55.3 [31.8, 101.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 34.4 [10.1, 108.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.979 [0.688, 1.344] mg/100g (wet weight);