Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Abudefduf: Arabic, abu = father; this fish is the leader of the reef against other species (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 12 m (Ref. 5592), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 32°N - 18°S, 115°W - 73°W
Eastern Pacific: throughout the Gulf of California and from Bahía San Juanico, Baja California, Mexico to northern Peru, the Galapagos Islands and other offshore islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Adults inhabit rocky and coral reefs (Ref. 9334). Usually in large aggregations. These diurnal feeders feed on plankton at the surface or mid-water; also graze on benthic invertebrates and algae on the reef. Breed during early summer in the Gulf and continues throughout the summer until fall. This fish is a warm-water, stenothermal species. Juveniles of second year class have been observed cleaning schools of striped mullet, halfbeaks and needlefish (Ref. 5592). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.3 - 29.1, mean 26.4 °C (based on 257 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.01060 - 0.05683), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 63.9 [39.5, 97.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.646 [0.424, 1.021] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.7, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.132 [0.086, 0.196] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.7 [15.3, 47.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 69.7 [21.9, 207.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.92, 1.94] mg/100g (wet weight);