Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Myripristinae
Etymology: Ostichthys: Greek,osteon = bone + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 90 - 240 m (Ref. 114923), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-Pacific: from the Andaman Sea to the Philippines; north to southern Japan, south to Australia, east to New Caledonia, Fiji, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu;
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2272); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9137)
(total): 12. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 3½ scales above lateral line to midbase of spinous portion of dorsal fin; spineless at anterior end of nasal bone of adults or subadults; no large spine at the corner of preoperculum of adults (subadults may have a small spine at angle); 28-30 lateral-line scales (usually 28, rarely 30); D XII; space between last dorsal-fin spine and first dorsal-fin ray notably less than space between last two dorsal-fin spines; pectoral-fin rays 15-17 (usually 17, rarely 15); height of second suborbital bone below center of eye ½ eye diameter; last dorsal-fin spine distinctly longer than penultimate spine; prepelvic scales 9; dorsal profile of head nearly uniformly convex; gill rakers 7-10 + 12-14; depth of body 2.05-2.2 in SL; head length 2.35-2.5 in SL; snout short, 4.65-5.6 in HL; least depth of caudal peduncle 4.0-4.5 in HL; colour when fresh overall reddish, edges of scales red, the centers silvery pink (Ref. 114923).
Found in the sublittoral zone (Ref. 11230).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W., J.E. Randall and P.N. Psomadakis, 2017. A review of the soldierfish genus Ostichthys (Beryciformes: Holocentridae), with descriptions of two new species in Myanmar. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 26:1-33. (Ref. 114923)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.3 - 29, mean 27.7 °C (based on 2088 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00680 - 0.04650), b=3.02 (2.79 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 51.8 [22.4, 136.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.53 [0.26, 1.12] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [17.9, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.138 [0.059, 0.341] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.4 [19.6, 73.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 47.9 [14.2, 160.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.957 [0.558, 1.625] mg/100g (wet weight);