Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Bodianus: Bodianus after Bodiano or Pudiano, from the Portuguese pudor, meaning modesty (Jordan & Evermann, 1896).; eclancheri: Named for M. L’Eclancher (Ref. 75973) More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 46 m (Ref. 5227), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Southeast Pacific: Ecuador to central Chile. Originating in the Peru-Chile Province, it is found in the cooler waters of the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5592); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body moderately deep and compressed; head large and pointed; teeth elongate and compressed, resembling incisors; dorsal fin contiguous, with 12 spines; posterior rays of dorsal and anal fins forming filamentous lobes; lower branch of first gill arch with 9 to 10 gill rakers; variable, depending on size and sex; body brown, black, red or orange, but less than 5 percent of the population is entirely black (Ref. 55763).
A sequentially protogynous hermaphrodite. In the Galapagos, the colorful appearance may be due to selective pressures and their increased feeding and decreased reproductive activities may serve to avoid extraordinary predation (Ref. 9227). Adults forage on a wide range of invertebrates and algae (Ref. 28023). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pelagic spawner (Ref. 32168). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 103751.
Merlen, G., 1988. A field guide to the fishes of Galapagos. Wilmot Books, London, England 60 p. (Ref. 5590)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.6 - 24, mean 21.3 °C (based on 16 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00553 - 0.02613), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.24 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 29.9 [16.9, 49.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.525 [0.323, 0.918] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [15.7, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.115 [0.073, 0.177] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.2 [22.7, 74.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 54.7 [17.2, 181.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.92, 2.32] mg/100g (wet weight);