Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.2; non-migratory; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 22°C - 30°C (Ref. 12468); 11°S - 21°S
Africa: two distinct population groups; a northern in the drainage systems of Lake Chad and the Chari River in Chad; Ubangi, Kotto, Bamingui and Gribingi river systems in Central African Republic; upper and middle White Nile in Sudan; Uele and Itimbiri in northern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 47311). Also in Wagenia Falls in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 106245). Southern populations are found in the Sankuru, Lake Mweru Wantipa and Lufira River in southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo; Lake Mweru Wantipa and Lake Bangweulu in northern Zambia, and the upper Zambezi in western Zambia; upper Zambezi, Kwilu, upper Kasai and Kwando in Angola; Chobe River and Okavango swamps in Namibia and Botswana; lower Shire in southern Malawi; some river systems flowing into the Indian Ocean in Mozambique (Ref. 47311). Okavango and Pungwe-Buzi systems (Ref. 7248). Zimbabwe, South Africa (Ref. 27139).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139)
Found in small rivers, brooks, swamps and shallow lake parts among vegetated areas (Ref. 3788). Strictly a floodplain or marsh-loving species (Ref. 7248). Not a seasonal killifish (Ref. 27139). Is difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Huber, J.H., 1996. Killi-Data 1996. Updated checklist of taxonomic names, collecting localities and bibliographic references of oviparous Cyprinodont fishes (Atherinomorpha, Pisces). Société Française d'Ichtyologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, 399 p. (Ref. 27139)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00162 - 0.01173), b=3.14 (2.91 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .