Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Liopropomatinae
Etymology: Liopropoma: Greek, leio = smooth + Greek, pro = in front of + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Lubbock & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 46 m (Ref. 9710), usually 15 - 46 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 24°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to American Samoa and Tuamotu Archipelago, south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 8. Reddish brown to gray, becoming redder posteriorly. L. mitratum differs from L. pallidum by having 14 rather than 15-16 pectoral rays and 19-30 rather than 8-13 preopercular serrae (Ref. 37816).
A secretive, ledge dweller species (Ref. 90102); benthic (Ref. 75154). and found in caves and crevices (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and L. Taylor, 1988. Review of the Indo-Pacific fishes of the serranid genus Liopropoma, with descriptions of seven new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (16):47 p. (Ref. 6180)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.6 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 286 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 148 [77, 338] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.836 [0.475, 1.485] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.5, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.194 [0.111, 0.338] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.7 [13.5, 55.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 147 [44, 497] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.67 [1.06, 2.57] mg/100g (wet weight);