Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sillaginidae
Etymology: Sillago: From a locality in Australia .
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 20 - 55 m (Ref. 6205), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 21°S - 35°S, 110°E - 116°E (Ref. 6205)
Eastern Indian Ocean: Maud Landing southward to Rottnest Island, Western Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 16 cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6205)
soft rays: 16 - 18;
Vertebrae: 32 - 34. Swim bladder with a median anterior extension and very brown to rusty brown very narrow bars extending from the back obliquely forward to touch or almost touch a conspicuous silvery midlateral longitudinal stripe.
Most common near weed banks and coral reefs in shallow-water, but not captured in shallow areas of southern waters. Oviparous (Ref. 205), and are multiple spawners with synchronous development (Ref. 36823). Associated with S. burrus, S. schomburgkii, and S. analis. The flesh is of excellent quality (Ref. 6205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Multiple spawners with synchronous development (Ref. 36823).
McKay, R.J., 1992. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 14. Sillaginid fishes of the world (family Sillaginidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the sillago, smelt or Indo-Pacific whiting species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(14):87p. (Ref. 6205)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.2 - 24.8, mean 22.8 °C (based on 6 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00364 - 0.01988), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .