Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Chaetodontidae
Etymology: Chaetodon: Greek, chaite = hair + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Ahl.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 40 - 200 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Somalia south to Natal, South Africa and east to Madagascar, Seychelles, Mauritius and Reunion.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5372)
(total): 12 - 13;
soft rays: 18 - 19. Rear part of body, dorsal and anal fins blackish; caudal fin yellow; dorsal and anal fin edges white; dark eyeband connected at nape (Ref. 5372). Juveniles pale olive green with vertical rows of small brownish spots; middle of soft dorsal rays with black blotch (Ref. 5372).
Inhabit deep offshore reefs, over rocks and coral rubble (Ref. 9710). Usually paired, occasionally seen with C. mitratus (Ref. 9710). Omnivorous. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Form pairs during breeding (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Form pairs during breeding (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.9 - 26, mean 23.4 °C (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02344 (0.01165 - 0.04718), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 99.5 [59.8, 170.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.893 [0.586, 1.441] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.8, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.136 [0.086, 0.213] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.7 [15.8, 54.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 38.6 [12.4, 126.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.5 [1.0, 2.2] mg/100g (wet weight);