Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); microdon: Named by Regan (1920) presumably in reference to the fine pharyngeal dentition of the species (Ref. 52346).
More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Lake Tumba (middle Congo River basin) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 52307, 52346). Report from Lake Mai-Ndombe questionable, possibly an error in locality designation (Ref. 52346).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52346)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 14 - 15;
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Diagnosis: marked hypertrophy of lateral line canals on flank and caudal fin; inflated preopercular laterosensory canals; distinctive excavation of premaxillary oral valve (Ref. 52346).
Restricted in its distribution to the lake proper and absent from the surrounding swamps and inundated forest (Ref. 52346). Predominantly a lacustrine form (unusual among Tylochromines)(Ref. 52346). Benthic microphage (Ref. 52346). Feeds mainly upon small organic particles, plants and invertebrates; maternal mouthbrooder that does not pair bond (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stiassny, M.L.J., 1989. A taxonomic revision of the African genus Tylochromis (Labroidei, Cichlidae); whith notes on the anatomy and relationships of the group. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent. Ser. 8, Sci. Zool., 258:1-161. (Ref. 52346)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).