Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Dasyatinae
Etymology: Dasyatis: Greek, dasys = rough, dense (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 100 - 200 m (Ref. 51024), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 46°N - 30°N, 6°W - 36°E
Northeast Atlantic: known only from the Mediterranean. Validity of this species questioned in Compagno's 1999 checklist (Ref. 35766).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 3169); common length : 65.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 3169)
Found over sandy and muddy bottoms. Feeds on bottom-living invertebrates and fishes. Ovoviviparous, gestation about 4 months and about 6 to 9 young are produced.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
McEachran, J.D. and C. Capapé, 1984. Dasyatidae. p. 197-202. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3169)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.3 - 16.1, mean 14.9 °C (based on 33 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00265 - 0.01571), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.62 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=6-9).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 19.6 [2.9, 59.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.251 [0.065, 0.598] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.8 [19.2, 24.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.524 [0.175, 1.373] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.6 [3.5, 40.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.3 [4.4, 27.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.407 [0.200, 0.814] mg/100g (wet weight);