Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Mycteroperca: Greek, mykter, -eros = nose + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Rosenblatt & Zahuranec.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 55 m (Ref. 58018). Tropical; 33°N - 14°N, 115°W - 98°W (Ref. 5222)
Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California south to Jalisco, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 105 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 14.1 kg (Ref. 40637)
soft rays: 10 - 12. Distinguished by the following characteristics: adults with pale grey to brown with purplish tint underwater; body, median fins and rear part of the head covered with small dark reddish brown spots; faint irregular dark spots on dusky pectoral and pelvic fins; dusky blotches on the dorsolateral part of the body; angular preopercle, with serrate lobe at the angle; posterior nostrils not greatly enlarged in adults; rear margin of caudal fin scalloped, with exserted rays (Ref. 89707).
Found on rocky reefs. Common on fields of large boulders with gorgonians and black corals. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 89707).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 19.8 - 27.4, mean 22.9 °C (based on 30 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00418 - 0.01991), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 20.6 [11.5, 34.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.415 [0.252, 0.674] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.6, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.144 [0.094, 0.217] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.9 [24.9, 75.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 129 [47, 408] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.723 [0.489, 1.073] mg/100g (wet weight);