Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Schilbeidae
Etymology: yangambianus: Referring to the type locality of this species, Yangambi (Middle Congo)(Ref. 43912)..
More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: middle Congo River basin including the drainages of the Ubangi, Kasai and Kwando; also known from a single locality on the upper Zambezi river in Zambia (Ref. 43912). Also reported from the upper Congo (Ref. 106245) and the Zambezi in Angola (Ref. 120641).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3570)
spines: 0. Diagnosis: adipose fin always present; anterior nostrils closer to each other or at same distance as posterior ones; barbels well developed, nasal barbel at least reaching to anterior border of opercle; snout reaching beyond lower jaw, upper lips slightly surrounding lower jaw when mouth is closed; inner side of pectoral spine feebly serrated; striking brownish colour pattern, often irregularly marbled and characterized by the presence of a very dark blotch above pectoral spine, where swim-bladder lies close below skin; eyes rather small (Ref. 43912).
Prefer smaller forest streams with rocky (Ref. 7248, 43912) or sandy bottom (Ref. 43912). Nocturnal (Ref. 43912). Probably carnivorous (Ref. 43912), with a preference for terrestrial and aquatic insects (Ref. 7248, 43912). Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p. (Ref. 7248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00263 - 0.01321), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming fec > 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100).