Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Schilbeidae
Etymology: yangambianus: Referring to the type locality of this species, Yangambi (Middle Congo)(Ref. 43912). More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: middle Congo River basin including the drainages of the Ubangi, Kasai and Kwando; also known from a single locality on the upper Zambezi river in Zambia (Ref. 43912). Also reported from the upper Congo (Ref. 106245) and the Zambezi in Angola (Ref. 120641).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3570)
spines: 0. Diagnosis: adipose fin always present; anterior nostrils closer to each other or at same distance as posterior ones; barbels well developed, nasal barbel at least reaching to anterior border of opercle; snout reaching beyond lower jaw, upper lips slightly surrounding lower jaw when mouth is closed; inner side of pectoral spine feebly serrated; striking brownish colour pattern, often irregularly marbled and characterized by the presence of a very dark blotch above pectoral spine, where swim-bladder lies close below skin; eyes rather small (Ref. 43912).
Prefer smaller forest streams with rocky (Ref. 7248, 43912) or sandy bottom (Ref. 43912). Nocturnal (Ref. 43912). Probably carnivorous (Ref. 43912), with a preference for terrestrial and aquatic insects (Ref. 7248, 43912). Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p. (Ref. 7248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00251 - 0.01261), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .