Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; non-migratory; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 43°N - 41°N
North America: Klamath River drainage and Klamath Lake in southern Oregon and northern California in USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 19.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Adults: 13.6-26.9 cm TL. Adult body proportions, as percentage of TL (based on 29 specimens measuring 13.6-26.9 cm TL): prebranchial length, 13.0-16.4; branchial length, 8.2-11.8; trunk length, 42.5-52.0; tail length, 27.0-34.9; eye length, 1.4-2.7; disc length, 7.8-10.5. The intestinal diameter in feeding individuals is 0.45 cm. Trunk myomeres, 58-65. Dentition: the marginals in the anterior and lateral fields are of two different sizes, small and with an elongated base, while those in the posterior field are small; exceptionally, one or two of these elongate marginals on each side lie in the middle of the lateral fields and therefore qualify as exolaterals; supraoral lamina, 3 unicuspid teeth, the median one smaller than the lateral ones; infraoral lamina, 5-6 unicuspid teeth, predominantly 5; 4 endolaterals on each side, rarely 3 on one side; endolateral formula, typically 2-3-3-2, the second endolateral may also be uni-, bi- or quadricuspid, the third endolateral may also be quadricuspid, and the fourth endolateral may be absent, but if present, also be uni-, bi- or quadricuspid; 2 rows of anterials; first row of anterials, 4-5 unicuspid teeth; exolaterals not present as rows but 1 or 2 on each side may be present; 1 row of posterials with 16-20 teeth, of which 0-15 are bicuspid and the rest unicuspid; transverse lingual lamina, 20-29 unicuspid teeth, the median one slightly enlarged; longitudinal lingual laminae each with 24-33 unicuspid teeth. Velar tentacles, 7-9, with tubercles and wings consisting of a very short tentacle on either side. Median tentacle shorter than the lateral ones immediately next to it. Body coloration (preserved), dark brown on dorsal, lateral, and ventral aspects. Lateral line neuromasts darkly pigmented. Caudal fin and second dorsal fin pigmentation, coverage of 75% or more. Caudal fin shape, spade-like. Oral fimbriae, 98-111. Oral papillae, 12-20.
Occurs in large rivers, impoundments and lakes. Parasitic (Ref. 5723). Known to feed on fishes perhaps of commercial importance, but these were not identified (Ref. 89241).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00123 (0.00056 - 0.00272), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .