Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 44°N - 36°N, 8°W - 3°W
Europe: Guadiana drainage in Spain and Portugal (Ref. 59043). Considered the most endangered primary fish in Iberian waters (Ref. 13392).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43324); max. reported age: 3.00 years (Ref. 59043)
The only species of the genus which can be diagnosed from other species of Cyprinidae in Iberian Peninsula by having upturned mouth, dorsal origin behind pelvic fin base, scaleless keel between pelvic fin and anus, 58-73 total scales in midlateral row, incomplete lateral line with perforating 2-23 scales (sometimes absent) and 84-130 gill rakes (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits small streams with swift current (often pools in summer) and pebble to rock bottom, usually without submerged vegetation (Ref. 59043). Reported to occur in lowland streams with a moderate current and abundant submerged plants. Pelagic filter feeder (Ref. 26100) . Feeds on filamentous algae and small invertebrate. Migrates upstream to spawn then returns to downstream areas at beginning of summer, where permanent water is retained throughout the year (Ref. 59043). Due to its threats such as habitat destruction and water pollution (Ref. 26100), a conservation project started under the EU-Life Nature program (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00292 - 0.01429), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .