Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Latidae
Etymology: Lates: Latin, lateo, latere = to be hidden.
More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range ? - 75 m (Ref. 36901). Tropical; 3°S - 9°S
Africa: Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 2216, 36901); widely distributed throughout the lake (Ref. 36901). In the Lukuga River (Lake Tanganyika outflow), known up to Niemba (Ref. 93587). In the Malagarazi River, known from the delta and the lower reaches (Ref. 54847).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 45.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3636)
Juveniles live in a specific inshore habitat until they reach 18 cm, thereafter they adopt a benthic habitat moving into deep water (Ref. 2216). Juveniles have been observed near or in affluent rivers (Ref. 36901). Top predator in depths below 100 m; exploits both fishes and invertebrates; migrate diurnally to surface to feed on pelagic clupeids; highly susceptible to intensive fishing (Ref. 2216).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Coulter, G.W., 1976. The biology of Lates species in Lake Tanganyika, and the status of the pelagic fishery for Lates species and Luciolates stapersii. J. Fish Biol. 9(3):235-259. (Ref. 2216)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5006 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00582 - 0.01719), b=2.99 (2.84 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.69 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=12-13).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 196 [82, 409] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.91 [0.90, 6.60] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [18.1, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.325 [0.147, 0.711] g/100g ; Selenium = 137 [43, 378] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 29.9 [6.5, 162.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.26 [0.57, 5.71] mg/100g (wet weight);