Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Acantopsis: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, ops = similar (Ref. 45335); ioa: The specific epithet ioa is from Greek for an arrow or dart which refers to the relative slenderness of this species in relation to other species of Acantopsis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: mainstem Mekong River in Thailand and Laos; Nam Lik, a large tributary of the Mekong in Laos, and Srepok River, a large tributary of the Mekong in Cambodia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116755)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 46 - 48. Acantopsis ioa is distinguished from all congeners by combination of the following characters: absence of labial barbels; usually lack of distinct small black spot on upper margin of caudal-fin base, 0-1 row of large spots on side of head; absence of large black spots on dorsal or caudal fins; absence of row of black specks beneath midlateral row of black spots; dorsal fin usually with 9½ branched rays and pectoral fin with 10 rays; 15-23 narrow, blotch-like saddles along dorsal midline; 13-21 black spots along side of body, and 46-48 total vertebrae; and body depth 8.5-11.0% SL, body width 5.2-7.9% SL, caudal-peduncle length 13.1-16.2% SL (Ref. 116755).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Boyd, D.A., P. Nithirojpakdee, G. Deein, C. Vidthayanon, C. Grudpan, W. Tangjitjaroen, J.M. Pfeiffer, Z.S. Randall, T. Srisombat and L.M. Page, 2017. Revision of the horseface loaches (Cobitidae, Acantopsis), with description of three new species from Southeast Asia. Zootaxa 4341(2):151-192. (Ref. 116755)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00245 - 0.01178), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .