Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bonaparte.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Europe: Adriatic basin from Soca drainage to Ancona province (Slovenia, Switzerland, Italy), lower Zrmanja and Neretva drainages (Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina); Tyrrhenian basin in Arno drainage (Italy). Introduced in Ricica (Croatia), Ombrone and Tevere drainages (Italy).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114988)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from congeners in the Adriatic basin by the possession of the following characters: origin of anal fin below branched dorsal rays 4-8; anal fin with 13-16½ branched rays; lateral line with 40-47 + 3 scales; 16-22 gill rakers; ventral keel exposed or partly or completely scaled; lateral stripe faint in life, very prominent in preserved individuals; pectoral fin not reaching pelvic base; and mouth slightly superior (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in open surface waters in a variety of habitats ranging from large subalpine lakes to small, lowland streams. Feeds on plankton, insects and invertebrates. Spawns in shallow riffles or along stony shores of lakes, occasionally above submerged vegetation (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and P.G. Bianco, 2005. On the valid name of the alborella, Alburnus arborella (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 16(2):179-182. (Ref. 55858)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00426 - 0.01291), b=3.10 (2.95 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .