Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335); sava: Named after Sava River. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous. Temperate
Europe: Kolpa River, Sava River system (upper Danube drainage) in Slovenia and Croatia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116758)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 18 - 19;
Vertebrae: 44 - 45. Alburnus sava can be diagnosed from all its congeners in the Danube drainage by having the following characters: 23?27, usually 24?26, gill rakers; the ventral keel usually completely scaled (scaleless maximum 15% of the keel length); pectoral fin with 15?16 (mode = 15) branched rays; length of gill raker 65?70% of the length of the opposite outer gill filament; and a relatively long lower jaw (37?40% HL, 112?130% interorbital width) (Ref. 116758).
It inhabits streams and rivers with moderate to rapid current and a gravel and cobble bottom. During the spawning season in spring, it migrates upstream to smaller tributaries to shallow riffles where they spawn (Ref. 116758).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bogutskaya, N.G., P. Zupančič, D. Jeliić, O.A. Diripasko and A.M. Naseka, 2017. Description of a new species of Alburnus Rafinesque, 1820 (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae, Leuciscinae) from the Kolpa River in the Sava River system (upper Danube drainage), with remarks on the geographical distribution of shemayas in the Danube. ZooKeys 688:81-110. (Ref. 116758)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00324 - 0.01477), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .