Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Anchoa: Italian ancioa = anchovy (Ref. 45335). More on author: Goode.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189). Temperate; 34°N - 30°N, 67°W - 62°W (Ref. 189)
Western Central Atlantic: known only from Bermuda. The Panama and Puerto Rico specimens reported in Ref. 6791 were not this species, but perhaps Anchoa lyolepis).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 19 - 22. Body moderately compressed and slender. Snout short, about 3/4 the eye diameter; maxilla long, its tip sharply pointed, reaching almost to the gill opening; gill cover canals of the walkeri-type. A silver stripe is on the sides.
A schooling species occurring in coastal waters. Apparently common (at least in August, but not in July). Specimens with well developed eggs were taken in June, 1927, suggesting a summer spawning period.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Specimens with well-developed eggs were taken in June, suggesting a summer spawning period (Ref. 189). Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00233 - 0.01130), b=3.14 (2.97 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 161 [73, 348] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.809 [0.456, 1.431] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.3, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 1.06 [0.56, 2.15] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.4 [4.6, 26.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.1 [4.2, 63.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.09 [0.69, 1.76] mg/100g (wet weight);