Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Torinae
Etymology: Arabibarbus: In reference to the geographic range of this genus..
More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Tigris-Euphrates basin in Iraq and Syria (Ref. 96964), rivers of southern Iran (Ref. 96964) and possibly Orontes River (Ref. 96964).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93003); max. published weight: 30.0 kg (Ref. 93003); max. reported age: 17 years (Ref. 93003)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 10. Diagnosis: Arabibarbus grypus has 33-44 scales in the lateral line (Ref. 96964). The round head is shorter, 19.9-25.4% of standard length, and lower, 12.6-16.0% of standard length, than in its congeners (Ref. 96964). The body is cylindrical; the dorsal fin is short, 17.8-24.2% of standard length, and only weakly ossified; the pectoral fins, 16.0-19.3% of standard length, and pelvic fins, 14.3-17.5% of standard length, are shorter than in Arabibarbus hadhrami (Ref. 96964).
Found in small to large rivers (Ref. 96964). It can attain sizes of up to 2 m and a mass of 100 kg (Ref. 96964).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Borkenhagen, K., 2014. A new genus and species of cyprinid fish (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) from the Arabian Peninsula, and its phylogenetic and zoogeographic affinities. Environ. Biol. Fishes 97:1179-1195. (Ref. 96964)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00354 - 0.00778), b=3.11 (3.00 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 11.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (75 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 106 [55, 191] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.9 [1.1, 2.9] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.8, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.431 [0.305, 0.608] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.5 [16.0, 115.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.91 [2.96, 27.92] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.16 [0.79, 1.73] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.