Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: Atlantoraja: Greek, atlantes = havin the strenght of Atlas, the god that supported the pillar s of the universe in the Greek mithology + Latin, raja = ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 150 m (Ref. 57911). Tropical; 20°S - 40°S, 60°W - 40°W (Ref. 57911)
Western Atlantic: off the east coast of Brazil (Ref. 8630) from Cabo Frio southwards to Argentina (Ref. 57911).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 53.9, range 52 - 58 cm
Max length : 78.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57911); 36.2 cm WD (female)
Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.7 - 21.8, mean 17.9 °C (based on 89 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00362 - 0.00916), b=3.03 (2.90 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec assumed to be <10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .