Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Balitoridae
Etymology: chipkali: The specific name chipkali, means lizard in Hindi, refers to the general lizard-like appearance
of the fish in its habitat, where is it usually found adhering to rocks and boulders in fast-flowing streams. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: Kali River system in Karnataka, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 109578)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 34. Balitora chipkali is distinguished from all other species of Balitora by the following combination of characters: a single maxillary barbel on each corner of the gape; upper lip with 9-12 papillae in first series and 3-8 papillae in second series, lower lip with 6 papillae; eye diameter greater than 15% HL; gape of mouth less than 30% HL; snout length 49.6-57.6% HL with snout length less than 4 times eye diameter; body depth less than 15% SL; caudal peduncle depth 6.9-7.8% SL; caudal peduncle length-to-depth ratio less than 3.0, 66-68 lateral line scales; 11 caudal vertebrae excluding compound centrum; third infraorbital sensory-canal tube straight; pharyngobranchial 2 greatly reduced; posterior ceratohyal more than 80% of the length of the anterior ceratohyal and almost round; and 7 dorsal saddles, not reaching lateral irregular crossbar markings (Ref. 109578).
The type locality is a shallow stream with substrates composed of boulders, rocks, pebbles, gravel, and mud. Occurs together with the following fish species: Cyprinidae (Haludaria sp., Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Day), Osteochilichthys cf. nashii (Day), Pethia sp., Puntius cf. sahyadriensis Silas, Devario malabaricus (Jerdon)); Aplocheilidae (Aplocheilus cf. lineatus (Valenciennes)); Mastacembelidae (Mastacembelus armatus (Lacepède)); and Sisoridae (Glyptothorax sp.) (Ref. 109578).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kumkar, P., U. Katwate, R. Raghavan and N. Dahanukar, 2016. Balitora chipkali, a new species of stone loach (Teleostei: Balitoridae) from the northern Western Ghats of India, with a note on the distribution of B. laticauda. Zootaxa 4138(1):155-170. (Ref. 109578)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00222 - 0.01301), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .