Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: endemic to the western Greece from Kalamas to Pamissos drainages. Introduced and established in the Isonzo River, northeastern Italy (Ref. 45688).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
(total): 7-9. Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Balkan Peninsula by having the following characters: last simple dorsal ray not stronger than branched rays, not serrated posteriorly; 47-53 + 2-3 scales on lateral line; 5-7 scale rows between lateral and pelvic base; small black spots (plain in some populations from Peloponnese) on head and body; often faint dark stripes or faint rows of dark spots along scale rows; lower lip with a median swollen pad (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in lakes and in water bodies on low-lying plains, with little current (Ref. 26100). Found in lower and upper parts of streams with stone bottom and current. Feeds on aquatic invertebrates (Ref. 59043). Threatened by water abstraction (Ref. 26100). Attains a maximum size of about 19 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Males and females splash during spawning (peaks in evening, at sunset). Individual females actively dig holes with anal, into which eggs are released (Ref. 59043). Fractional spawner (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00428 - 0.02232), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 6.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .