Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Rajidae
Etymology: Beringraja: Named for the Bering Sea, though to be the origin of the two species in this genus..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 5 - 120 m (Ref. 58497), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 114953). Temperate; 28°N - 50°N, 119°E - 150°E (Ref. 114953)
Northwest Pacific: Japan, Sea of Okhotsk and the East China Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 115 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114953)
Commonly found near coast. Demersal on inner continental shelf. Feeds mainly on fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 114953). Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205). Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats (Ref. 205). Egg capsules are 14.5-16.0 cm long and 7.0-7.5 cm wide (Ref. 41249, 41253, 41298). Males reaches maturity at ca. 47 cm TL, females at ca. 69 cm TL; young hatch at 9-10 cm TL (Ref. 114953).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.5 - 22.3, mean 16.8 °C (based on 53 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00288 (0.00166 - 0.00500), b=3.25 (3.10 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .