Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Brachyrhaphis: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, raphis = needle (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; non-migratory. Tropical; 21°C - 37°C (Ref. 36880)
Central America: Río Prinzapolka, Nicaragua to the Río Pacuare, Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36880); 5.0 cm (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Anal fin almost as long as or longer than head length. Dorsal fin rays long and almost reach the base of the caudal fin, lacking a distance equal to or less than the eye diameter. Sides of the body with 10 - 12 dark bars and 3 or 4 series of spots which correspond to the longitudinal scale rows along the body. Dark caudal fin margin with a vertical series of short dark streaks a little closer to the base than to the posterior margin of the tail. Dorsal fin red-orange with black stripes on the base. Body gray with a tenuous pink or orange hue (Ref. 36880).
Inhabits stagnant waters or creeks with low current velocity between 35 and 620 m elevation; in temperatures from 21 to 37°C; swims in small groups over muddy bottoms. Feeds on terrestrial insects (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lucinda, P.H.F., 2003. Poeciliidae (Livebearers). p. 555-581. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brazil. (Ref. 50894)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00341 - 0.01765), b=3.15 (2.96 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .