Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Bramidae
Etymology: Brama: Old French, breme, bresme = a fresh water fish; 1460 (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 1 - 200 m (Ref. 58302), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Western Pacific (Ref. 559). Reported from the Hawaiian Islands (Ref. 58302).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
soft rays: 27;
Vertebrae: 40. This description is base on a 4.9 cm SL specimen caught near Ogasawara Islands, Japan. Body strongly compressed. Pectoral fin situated relatively high on body. Posterior margin of preoperculum serrated.
Known only from young and juvenile specimens.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.6 - 28.2, mean 26.1 °C (based on 126 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00782 - 0.04232), b=2.96 (2.76 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .