Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 1602), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 19°N - 24°S
Indo-Pacific: Chagos Islands, Philippines, Great Barrier Reef, Fiji, and Samoa; Mariana, eastern Caroline and Marshall Islands in Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 9. Characterized by semi-transparent head and body with white internal pigment over brain; upper surface of vertebral column white internal white stripe; ventral half of body with six faint reddish internal bars; lower half of body obscured by reddish brown to violet brown or purple streak and ending at caudal fin base; presence of brown saddles along back; all pectoral rays usually unbranched; longitudinal scale series 34-49; broad and disc-like pelvic fins, reaching to anus or beyond; opening of gill usually reaching to below rear edge of eye (Ref. 90102).
Lives on certain branching coral forms of fire coral (Millepora spp.) and on other massive corals ones (e.g. like Porites cylindrica, P. lutea) in shallow lagoons at depths of 1 to 10 m.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.6 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 1364 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 414 [169, 1,032] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.24 [0.65, 2.52] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.9, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.14 [0.06, 0.30] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.6 [8.3, 52.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 156 [39, 587] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.91 [1.60, 5.18] mg/100g (wet weight);