Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Latilidae
Etymology: Caulolatilus: Greek, kaulos = stem, stalk + Latin, latus = wide (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 30 - 185 m (Ref. 9119), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 33°N -
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 49.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5592); common length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9119); max. published weight: 680.00 g (Ref. 40637)
Inhabits rocky and sandy bottoms, near isolated reefs (Ref. 9119). Mature females are encountered in April and November in the Gulf of California, Mexico and in September in Colombia, Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 9119). Marketed fresh or frozen and considered of excellent quality for human consumption (Ref. 9119).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dooley, J.K., 1978. Systematics and biology of the tilefishes (Perciformes: Branchiostegidae and Malacanthidae) with descriptions of two new species. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. No. 411:1-78. (Ref. 8991)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.5 - 21.7, mean 15.8 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00391 - 0.01689), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 11.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (k=0.09-0.17).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 116 [61, 207] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.01 [0.63, 1.71] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.7 [13.2, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.528 [0.261, 1.058] g/100g ; Selenium = 61.1 [28.5, 133.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 47.3 [16.1, 148.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.14 [0.77, 1.72] mg/100g (wet weight);