Centrophorus harrissoni, Dumb gulper shark

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Centrophorus harrissoni McCulloch, 1915

Dumb gulper shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Centrophorus harrissoni   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centrophorus harrissoni (Dumb gulper shark)
Centrophorus harrissoni
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae (Gulper sharks)
Etymology: Centrophorus: centr[um] (L.), prickle or sharp point; phorus, from phoreus (Gr.), bearer or carrier, referring to grooved spines on dorsal fins. (See ETYFish);  harrissoni: In honor of biologist Charles Turnbull Harrisson (1869-1914), responsible for collecting and preserving many of the “more interesting” fishes during the “fishing experiments” of FIS Endeavour off the coast of Australia, 1909-1914 [he disappeared along with his ship and all hands in December 1914; no distress message had been given and no trace of the ship has been found]. (See ETYFish).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 250 - 790 m (Ref. 6871). Temperate; 26°S - 45°S, 111°E - 155°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Southwest Pacific: New South Wales to Tasmania. Recorded in Norfolk Ridge, Three Kings Ridge amd Kermadec Ridge, extending the species eastern range (Ref. 89942). Record from Taiwan uncertain. This species is very close to Centrophorus uyato and may be a junior synonym of that species (Ref. 247).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 99.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 111 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76933)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

A moderate-sized species distinguished by the following set of adult characters: length of pre-second dorsal 61.9-63.2% TL, 6.6-8.4 times the dorsal-caudal space; length of pre-first dorsal 30.4-32.0% TL; interdorsal space 18.2-20.6% TL, 2.2-2.6 times dorsal-caudal space; dorsal-caudal space 7.5-9.4% TL, 3.2-4.0 in pectoral-pelvic space; long and robust head, its length 22.4-24.6% TL, 2.7-3.0 times mouth width, its width 13.2-14.0% TL, 4.5-4.8 in pre-second dorsal length; width at anterior of nostrils 7.7-7.9% TL; long snout, its preoral length 11.4-12.4% TL, 2.0-2.2 times head height at anterior of mouth, 1.3-1.5 times mouth width, the horizontal preorbital length 7.1-8.2% TL, the horizontal prenarial length 4.4-5.4% TL; large mouth, its width 7.8-8.5% TL; moderately large pectoral fin, its anterior margin 11.9-12.4% TL, 2.3-2.4 times base length; large caudal fin, the dorsal caudal margin 19.1-19.5% TL; 2.1-2.5 times dorsal-caudal space; moderately large and tall first dorsal fin, its height 6.2-7.0% TL, with moderately robust spine, the base width 0.9-1.0% TL. The dorsal fins of juveniles have a distinct blackish oblique blotch anteriorly and a white blotch on the upper posterior margin; in adults a less distinct dark blotch, often apparent in fresh specimens and with a white blotch restricted to a narrow white posterior margin (occasionally indistinct in largest specimens). Adults with flank denticles flat, block-like, not overlapping, and crenulate. Females and immature males with upper teeth that are strongly oblique, similar in shape, but much smaller than lower teeth; in mature males upper teeth are erect, upright, becoming only slightly oblique laterally. 37-39/30 or 31 (n=3) tooth row count; 117-126 (mean 121.6, n=20) total vertebral centra; 53-59 (56.4, n=21) monospondylous precaudal centra; 29-37 (32.7, n=21) diplospondylous precaudal centra; 85-94 (89.1, n=21) precaudal centra (Ref. 76933).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the continental slope (Ref. 6871, 75154). Presumably ovoviviparous (Ref. 6871). Smallest mature male recorded at 82.5 cm TL (Ref. 76933). Longevity assumed to be high similar to close relative C. zeehaani with estimated longevity exceeding 46 yrs (Ref. 107026).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Endangered (EN) (A2bd); Date assessed: 21 November 2019


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO - Fisheries: species profile; Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Fisheries: species profile; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.5 - 13.3, mean 10.4 °C (based on 22 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00245 (0.00117 - 0.00517), b=3.20 (3.02 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 9.28 [1.54, 31.10] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.149 [0.040, 0.405] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.2 [17.8, 22.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.543 [0.215, 1.532] g/100g ; Selenium = 12.9 [3.5, 39.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 55.5 [13.1, 207.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.338 [0.158, 0.733] mg/100g (wet weight);