Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: Greek, kephale = head + skylion = dogfish (Ref. 80388); speccum: Name from Latin 'specca' for speckled, refers to the speckling of dark brown spots and blotches that dominate the colour pattern. More on authors: Last, Séret & White.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 150 - 455 m (Ref. 76946). Tropical
Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 64 - ? cm
Max length : 68.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76946); 69.4 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A medium-sized species with the following characters: head 7.8-12.5% TL in height, trunk width 13.0-16.8% TL; origin of first dorsal-fin mostly over posterior of pelvic-fin base; prenarial 3.6-4.9% TL in length; preorbital snout length 1.5-2.0 times prenarial length, 2.6-3.1 in prepectoral length, 5.9-7.1 in prepelvic length; snout-vent length long, 47.4-51.1% TL; nostril 2.2-2.7% TL in width; eye-spiracle space narrow, 0.4-1.0% TL; pectoral fin medium-sized, height 8.9-13.8% TL, posterior margin 8.5-13.3% TL; anal fin tall, 3.2-4.4% TL; anal-caudal space 4.5-6.1% TL; precaudal 76-78% TL in length; interdorsal space 6.5-8.6% TL; teeth have 3-5 cusps; unicuspidate or weakly tricuspidate flank denticles; back with no greatly enlarged denticles; adult clasper long, outer length about 7% TL, well short of anal fin, interspace about 1.9% TL; vertebral centra 111-115; tooth count relatively high, 69-97 teeth in each jaw; color of upper half of body pale, with a strongly variegated pattern that is well-demarcated from the ventral surface; dark saddles (8) evident on body and caudal fin; pale variegated dorsal fins; dark blotch over gills absent; distinct V-shaped marking on posterior margin of terminal lobe of caudal fin absent; upper surfaces of pectoral and pelvic-fin without a dark central blotch; without dark saddle extending onto caudal peduncle above origin of ventral lobe of caudal fin; uniformly pale on the ventral surface; color of juveniles pale, with dark lines and spots forming rosettes and linear saddle markings, and the markings between spiracles separated into two unconnected pseudo-ocelli (Ref. 76946).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R., B. Séret and W.T. White, 2008. New swellsharks (Cephaloscyllium: Scyliorhinidae) from the Indo-Australian region. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. (Ref. 76946)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.4 - 16.5, mean 13.4 °C (based on 21 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00170 - 0.00646), b=3.15 (2.97 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .