Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Choerodon: Greek, choiros = a pig + odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); referrring to the prominent anterior canines of the species in this genus (Ref. 116605).
More on author: Castelnau.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia to Queensland, Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334); max. published weight: 365.00 g (Ref. 3132)
soft rays: 10. Body scales edged with blue giving sides uneven banded appearance. No small prominent black spot on side. A horizontally elongate dusky blotch present below centre of fin in some specimens. Head with many small orange spots on cheek, forehead crossed by 4 or 5 sets of alternating blue and orange stripes. Second prominent anterior canine in lower jaw distinctly smaller than first in adults, directed dorsolaterally and curved slightly posteriorly. 1 to 3 scales on subopercle. (Ref 9823)
Adults occur solitarily in shallow coral reefs and seagrass beds. Feed mainly on hard-shelled prey including crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins (Ref. 9823). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). An excellent food fish.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Westneat, M.W., 2001. Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9823)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 1532 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00574 - 0.02890), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 45.6 [28.2, 79.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.573 [0.341, 0.953] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [15.9, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.138 [0.092, 0.199] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.7 [22.0, 56.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 85.2 [30.0, 259.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.39 [0.98, 2.43] mg/100g (wet weight);