Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917); esmaeilii: Named for Professor Dr. Hamid Reza Esmaeili, for his long and outstanding contributions in biology and systematic studies on Iranian freshwater fishes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Sarab-e Ravansar Stream, Tigris River drainage, Iran.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.6 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 12 - 13;
Vertebrae: 43. Chondrostoma esmaeilii can be diagnosed from other congeners in Iran and the Tigris-Euphrates river drainage by the following combination of characters: absence of a horny blade on
lower jaw; arched mouth; dorsal fin with 8 branched rays (9 in holotype); and anal fin with 10 branched rays; 51-58 lateral line scales (mean 53.8); 8-9 scales above lateral line 8-9 (mean 8.25), 5-6 scales below lateral line (mean 5.11); and 15-17 short gill rakers (mean 16.3) along the entire gill arch (Ref. 116747).
Inhabits Sarab-e Ravansar Stream with slow to medium current, 3-10 m width, up to 0.8 m maximum depth, muddy bed and in some parts sandy, and with dense vegetation. Co-occurs with Oxynoemacheilus kiabii, Carassius auratus, Alburnoides idignensis and Gambusia holbrooki (Ref. 116747).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eagderi, S., A. Jouladeh-Roudbar, S.S. Birecikligil, E. Cicek and B.W. Coad, 2017. Chondrostoma esmaeilii, a new cyprinid species from the Tigris river drainage in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Verteb. Zool. 67(2):125-132. (Ref. 116747)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00340 - 0.01618), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .