Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Protochondrostoma: Name comes from the basal position of this genus in the group of genera that formerly comprised Chondrostoma.. More on author: Bonaparte.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 48°N - 42°N, 4°E - 15°E
Europe: Adriatic basin, from Soca to Vomano drainages in Italy and Slovenia. Introduced to Tuscany and Latium in Centa, Magra, Arno, Ombrone and Tevere basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556)
The only species in genus which differs from species of Chondrostoma in Apennine Peninsula by having broad dark midlateral stripe from head to caudal base, arched mouth, lower lip with thin but well developed cornified sheath, 50-62 scales along lateral line; 8½ branched dorsal rays, 14-19 gill rakers, slender body, depth 20-27% SL, and pectoral, pelvic, anal and caudal fins at least with red basis (Ref. 59043).
Found in middle reaches of rivers and main tributaries, in piedmont, with moderate to swift current, over gravel bottom. Occurs in groups. Omnivorous, feeding mainly on aquatic insects and epilithic algae. Undertakes small spawning migration in large groups towards main tributaries. Spawns in swift current on gravel (Ref. 59043). Reported to spawn in March-May (Ref. 26100) and in May-June (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to the introduction of other species and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00374 - 0.01613), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.28 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .