Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917). More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 45°N - 42°N, 15°E - 18°E
Europe: Croatia (Cetina drainage) and Bosnia-Herzegovina (Glamoĉko, Livansjko and Duvanjsko poljes). Largest population in Lake Busko in Bosnia-Herzegovina threatened by recently introduced Silurus glanis.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from congeners in Western Balkans and Adriatic basin by the following characters: scales on lateral line 78-106; mouth arched, lower lip with very thin cornified sheath; posterior margin of dorsal slightly concave or convex; ½ 13-21/1/8-13 scales in transverse row between dorsal-fin and pelvic-fin origins; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 8-9½ branched rays; and 23-28 gill rakers (Ref. 59043).
Reported to occur in fast flowing creeks and rivers (Ref. 26100). Inhabits slow-flowing streams and lakes. Abundant in lakes. Can colonize still water bodies (shallow clay pits without gravel, sand, current, waves or tributaries. Enters subterranean waters. Spawns on submerged plants. Threatened due to its retricted range, water abstraction and pollution. Populations sharply declined in the 20th century because of habitat destruction and pollution (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. An heuristic checklist of the freshwater fishes of Europe (exclusive of former USSR), with an introduction for non-systematists and comments on nomenclature and conservation. Biologia, Bratislava, 52/Suppl. 5:1-271. (Ref. 13696)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00271 - 0.01402), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .