Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917). More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Southern Anatolia, Turkey and Near East. Found in Lake Beysehir and river basins of Göksu, Seyhan, Ceyhan, Kueik, Orontes (Mediterranean Sea) and Tigris-Euphrates (Persian Gulf).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 19 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 109283); max. published weight: 1.0 kg (Ref. 109283)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits rivers and lakes including reservoirs in Iraq. Prefers stone grounds and still waters in river and lakes in Turkey. Feeds on insect larvae, and eggs and fry of fishes as well as diatoms and algae (Ref. 109283).
Coad, B.W., 2010. Freshwater fishes of Iraq. Pensoft Series Faunistica No. 93. Pensoft Publishers, Moscow. 274pp. (Ref. 109283)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00422 - 0.01035), b=3.06 (2.93 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 5.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax =7; K=0.21; Fec = 13,280; tm=2;).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .