Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Clinostomus: Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); funduloides: From the words clino-- inclined, stomus-- mouth and funduloides, meaning Fundulus-like (Ref. 10294). More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 41°N - 33°N
North America: Atlantic Slope (mostly above Fall Line) from lower Delaware River drainage in Pennsylvania to Savannah River drainage in Georgia, USA; Ohio River basin in West Virginia and Ohio to northeast Mississippi, USA. Three subspecies were recognized: Clinostomus funduloides funduloides; Clinostomus funduloides estor; and undescribed subspecies.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 6.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
soft rays: 9. Clinostomus funduloides can be distinguished by the following characters: complete decurved lateral line with 43-57 lateral scales; anal fin with 9 rays; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-4,2; mouth large and oblique; snout long and pointed; caudal fin large and forked; small scales; dorsal fin origin behind pelvic fin origin. Compressed boy, olive above, dark stripe along back, dark-edged scales on upper side; green to yellow-gold stripe (brightest on large individuals) above dusky stripe along silver side; scattered dark blotches on side of large individuals; white, orange or red lower side; breeding male has dark blue above, bright brick red lower side. Similar to Clinostomus elongatus, Luxilus chrysocephalus and L. cornutus (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits rocky flowing pools of headwaters, creeks and small rivers. Usually occurs in small clear streams (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00236 - 0.01065), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .