Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Ehiravinae
Etymology: Clupeichthys: Latin, clupea = sardine, derived from Clupeus = shield; + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Herre.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 6°N - 3°N
Asia: Perak River in Malaysia. Reported from Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia (Ref. 13275).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57235)
soft rays: 16 - 27. Body moderately elongate, belly keeled, with 7 to 9 + 4 to 6 scutes. Snout blunt, pre-maxillae small and toothed, prominent teeth a symphysis and along sides of lower jaw; second supra-maxilla paddle-shaped, about half length of maxilla. Pectoral axillary scale minute or absent. Last two anal fin rays forming a separate finlet.
Inhabits rivers and canals including peat tributaries, feeding mainly on zooplankton and insect (Ref. 57235).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00363 - 0.02090), b=3.03 (2.82 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .