Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Coilia: Greek, koilia, -as = abdomen, hollow (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189). Tropical; 14°N - 1°N, 106°E - 111°E (Ref. 189)
Western Central Pacific: Indonesia (western coast of Kalimantan), Malaysia, Brunei, and Viet Nam (Saigon).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)
soft rays: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded in front of pelvic fins, with at most 1 + 10 to 12 = 11 to 13 keeled scutes from just before pelvic fin base to anus. Maxilla short, not reaching beyond edge of gill cover. Pectoral fin with 16 to 19 long filaments and 7 to 10 branched fin rays, much shorter than those of pelvic fin.
Occurs in coastal waters and estuaries, but the extent of its movements into the sea or up rivers is not known. Scarce in museum collections but this may not reflect its actual abundance.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00152 - 0.00829), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .