Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Cyprinella: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335); monacha: From the word monacha, meaning solitary (Ref. 10294). More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 38°N - 34°N
North America: Historically in several tributaries of Tennessee River in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia to Alabama, USA; now present only in Little Tennessee River in North Carolina, Buffalo and Emory river in Tennessee, and Holston River in Virginia and Tennessee, USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
Found in rocky riffles and runs of clean small to medium rivers (Ref. 5723, 86798). Juveniles are associated with small gravel substrates and moderate current, while adults are encountered in swift currents and boulder substrates. Feed on aquatic insects, predominated by midge, blackfly, and caddisfly larvae (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Deposits eggs in boulder crevices.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00236 - 0.01065), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .