Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; potamodromous (Ref. 13337). Tropical; 20°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468); 10°S - 26°S
Africa: Ruanda-Urundi rivers, rivers of eastern highlands of Zimbabwe and the Transvaal escarpment (Ref. 2801), Cunene, Cuanza, Okavango (Ref. 11970, 52193, 120641), Zambezi (Ref. 52193, 120641), east coast systems south to the Incomati (Komati) system and Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 52193). In the Congo system in the the upper Lualaba (Ref. 41590), Lake Mweru (Ref. 11970, 41590), Luapula system (Ref. 27609, 41590), Bangweulu-Chambesi (Ref. 42135, 95585) and upper Kasai (Ref. 41590). Report from Lake Nyassa (Ref. 11970, based on Greenwood 1962) needs confirmation.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248); common length : 9.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 13337)
Favors clear-flowing waters, usually headwater streams with rocky habitats; feeds on insects (Ref. 7248, 52193). Known to ascend tributaries and move only onto floodplains in rainy season (Ref. 13337).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C. and J. Daget, 1984. Cyprinidae. p. 217-342. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00556 - 0.02722), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .