Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Gerreidae
Etymology: Eugerres: Greek, eu = good, well + Latin, gerres = a kind of anchovies; cited by Plinius.
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical; 19°N - 3°S
Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico to northern Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482)
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished by having the following characters: pectoral fins short, usually reaching the vent, but not extending to the anal fin origin; upper and lower lips enlarged; 38-41 (mode 40) pored lateral-line scales; 12-13 (mode 12) gill rakers on the lower limb of the first branchial arch; 2nd anal spine when depressed extends to base of last anal ray or half the length of the caudal peduncle (Ref. 94655).
Inhabits coastal waters and lagoons (Ref. 9303); on muddy or sandy bottoms to depths of 30 m and penetrates freshwater habitats in Mexico and Central America (Ref. 94655).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bussing, W.A., 1995. Gerreidae. Mojarras. p. 1114-1128. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9303)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00714 - 0.04039), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .