Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Galeus: galeos, a small shark or dogfish according to Aristotle and others. (See ETYFish); mincaronei: In honor of ichthyologist Michael Maia Mincarone (b. 1971), for his “extensive work and tireless dedication” as collections manager of the Museu Oceanográfico do Vale do Itajaí (Brazil). (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 430 m (Ref. 56495). Deep-water
Southwest Atlantic: southern Brazil.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 34.5, range 39 - 42.5 cm
Max length : 40.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56495); 38.8 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: Distinguished by the following characters (vs. Galeus antillensis): shorter prepectoral length 16.1%-18.6% (vs. 19.4-21.8%); smaller pectoral anterior margin (8.9-10.1% (vs. 10.2-12.7%); smaller pectoral posterior margin 7.4-8.5% (vs. 8.8-11.6%); and fewer number of diplospondylous vertebrae 35-36, n=3 (vs. 39-78, n=4) (Ref. 56495).
The species inhabits deep-reefs in the shelf break and on the continental slope, and is often found in depths greater than 400 meters, with gorgonians, hard corals, tube sponges, crinoids, ophiuroids, and a great number of the sympatric scyliorhinid shark Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Ref. 56495). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Species is oviparous with a single encapsulated egg (Ref. 56495).
Soto, J.M.R., 2001. Galeus mincaronei sp. nov., (Carcharhiniformes, Scyliorhinidae) a new species of sawtail catshark from southern Brazil. Mare Magnum 1(1):11-18. (Ref. 56495)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 11.6 - 15.8, mean 14.6 °C (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00173 - 0.00727), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec= 1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).