Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).. More on author: Fowler.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 20; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 20°C - 25°C (Ref. 2059)
Asia: Chao Phrya and Mekong (Ref. 12693), Maeklong and Peninsular Thailand river systems (Ref. 26336).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)
Snout with a secondary rostrum, with proboscis about twice as wide as long, reflected downwards and in contact with snout along its inferior side (Ref. 43281). A well-developed tri-lobed rostrum; 10 gill rakers on lower arch of first arch; dark body with random scales lighter; (Ref. 12693). Dark brown body with 5-6 faint stripes and a large dark blotch on caudal peduncle (Ref. 43281).
Occurs in swiftly flowing water over rocky bottoms. Feeds on periphyton, phytoplankton and insects. An uncommon fish in larger rivers and rarely caught by commercial fishermen. Can be taken with trawls over gravel substrate.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00331 - 0.01740), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.19 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .